Collections is where you persist data.


When extending back-end code, it's possible to use any of the core dependencies. Read the API documentation for details.

Observers can listen to collection item events, such as creating, created, updating, updated, saving, saved, deleting and deleted.

You may cancel any *ing event by returning false, or throwing an exception.

To demonstrate with a real-world example, let's customize our auth Collection to allow only specific domain members to register in.

$ hook generate:observer auth
Observer created at 'hook-ext/observers/auth.php'.
 * Custom observer for: auth

class Auth {
    public function creating($model) {
        if (strpos($model->email, '') === false) {
            throw new Exception("Only members can register here.");

Let's upload the module and test what happens.

$ hook deploy
$ hook console
hook: javascript> hook.auth.register({email: "", password: "123"})
Error: Only members can register here.

hook: javascript> hook.auth.register({email: "", password: "123"})
{ email: '',
  updated_at: 1397149349,
  created_at: 1397149349,

Custom collection item's response

It's possible to change the default JSON response of each collection item by overriding the observer toArray method. Example:

$ hook generate:observer posts
Observer created at 'hook-ext/observers/posts.php'.
 * Custom observer for: posts

class Posts {
    public function toArray($model, $array) {
        if ($model->expired) {
            return array('name' => "This item was expired.");
        } else {
            return $array;

Let's upload the module and test what happens.

$ hook module:upload
Uploading: 'hook-ext/observers/posts.php'
$ hook console

hook: javascript> hook.collection('posts').create({title: "Hello", expired: false})
{ title: 'Hello',
  expired: false,
  app_id: '36',
  updated_at: 1397150195,
  created_at: 1397150195,
  _id: 1380 }

hook: javascript> hook.collection('posts').create({title: "World", expired: true})
{ name: 'This item was expired.' }

hook: javascript> hook.collection('posts').then()
│ _id                      │ title   │ expired │
│ '1380'                   │ 'Hello' │ '0'     │
│ 'This item was expired.'

Note that every time the JSON should be retrieved, the toArray method is called. Even when you're creating the record.

Querying the database

hook uses Laravel's Eloquent under the hood, so the way to build queries is the same. The only difference on hook is that you need a Collection reference to start querying.


Example of creating a Collection item:

$stuff = App::collection('stuff')->create(["foo" => "bar"]);


Example retrieving a Collection reference:

$stuff = App::collection('stuff');

Example of query:

  ->where('name', '=', 'John')
      $query->where('votes', '>', 100)
            ->where('title', '<>', 'Admin');


// update all items matching a filter.
// in this example "$items_updated" will receive the number of entries that has been updated.
$items_updated = App::collection('stuff')->where("prop_count" => 1)->update(["foo" => "bar"]);

// or update by _id
$items_updated = App::collection('stuff')->find(1)->update(["foo" => "bar"]);


// remove all items matching a filter
$items_removed = App::collection('stuff')->where("votes", '<', 100)->remove();

// remove item by _id.
// in this example, the "stuff" item with _id=42 will be removed from the database.

Read more: (Generally you're good by replacing DB::table to App::collection on Query Builder examples.)

Seeding collections

Seeding is the easiest way to populate your default application's data.

To generate a collection seed file, run generate:seed {collection_name} from commandline.

hook generate:seed books

It will create a seed template at hook-ext/seeds/books.yml. You may customize it for your particular setup.

The seed file consists on two different keys: - truncate - Boolean - delete all your previous data if true. (optional) - data - Array - list of keys and values to be inserted into the database.

# Seed for books
truncate: true
  - name: Programming PHP
    isbn: 1449392776
  - name: JavaScript: The Good Parts
    isbn: 0596517742

See the YAML reference if you are not familiar with the syntax.

Let's really seed it into our database:

$ hook db:seed
Truncating 'books'...
Seeding 'books': 100%

You can open up the console from commandline to check the collection's data:

$ hook console
hook: javascript> hook.collection('books').then()
│ _id │ name                         │ isbn         │
│ '1' │ 'Programming PHP'            │ '1449392776' │
│ '2' │ 'JavaScript: The Good Parts' │ '12230626'   │